/* Written 12:22 pm Oct 28, 1985 by umn-cs!herndon in umn-cs:net.jokes */ /* ---------- "GNU Echo, Release 1" ---------- */ GNUecho(1) UNIX Programmer's Manual GNUecho(1) NAME echo - echo arguments SYNOPSIS echo [ options ] ... DESCRIPTION Echo writes its arguments separated by blanks and terminated by a newline on the standard output. Options to filter and redirect the output are as follows: -2 generate rhyming couplets from keywords -3 generate Haiku verse from keywords -5 generate limerick from keywords -a convert ASCII to ASCII -A disambiguate sentence structure -b generate bureaucratese equivalent (see -x) -B issue equivalent C code with bugs fixed -c simplify/calculate arithmetic expression(s) -C remove copyright notice(s) -d define new echo switch map -D delete all ownership information from system files -e evaluate lisp expression(s) -E convert ASCII to Navajo -f read input from file -F transliterate to french -g generate pseudo-revolutionary marxist catch-phrases -G prepend GNU manifesto -h halt system (reboot suppressed on Suns, Apollos, and VAXen, not supported on NOS-2) -i emulate IBM OS/VU (recursive universes not supported) -I emulate IBM VTOS 3.7.6 (chronosynclastic infundibula supported with restrictions documented in IBM VTOS -J generate junk mail -j justify text (see -b option) -k output "echo" software tools -K delete privileged accounts -l generate legalese equivalent -L load echo modules -M generate mail -N send output to all reachable networks (usable with -J, -K, -h options) -n do not add newline to the output -o generate obscene text -O clean up dirty language -p decrypt and print /etc/passwd -P port echo to all reachable networks -P1 oolcay itay -q query standard input for arguments -r read alternate ".echo" file on start up -R change root password to "RMS" -s suspend operating system during output (Sun and VAX BSD 4.2 only) -S translate to swahili -T emulate TCP/IP handler -t issue troff output -u issue unix philosophy essay -v generate reverberating echo -V print debugging information -x decrypt DES format messages (NSA secret algorithm CX 3.8, not distributed outside continental US) _E_c_h_o is useful for producing diagnostics in shell programs and for writing constant data on pipes. To send diagnostics to the standard error file, do `echo ... 1>2'. AUTHOR Richard M. Stallman Printed 10/28/85 18 January 1983 3
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Updated: 8 Apr 2000 tower